Bone Marrow Transplant at Best Hospitals in India
Organ Transplant Surgery at World’s Best Hospitals in India
A large number of foreign patients now come to India for Live Related Organ Transplant Surgery like Kidney Transplants, Liver Transplants and Bone Marrow Transplants. Organ Transplantation is a very complex surgical specialty and requires very high degree of Clinical skills and Medical Technology and Infrastructure. India has now become the most preferred destination for organ transplant procedures. These include Liver, Kidney and Bone marrow transplant surgeries. .Not only the cost is low; the success rate of organ transplant in India is at par with the world’s best success rate for organ transplant.
Since Organ Transplantation is a very complex surgical specialty and requires very high degree of Clinical skills and Medical Technology, and Indian surgeons and healthcare has proven its competence, there has been a great surge in the number of medical tourists coming to India for various organ transplants. The Infrastructure and technology used at these best organ transplant hospitals in India is the most sophisticated technology available in the world, which results in better patient recovery, higher success rate, low cost and convenience to the patient.
MedGinnie Affiliated Hospitals in India the Leading Destination for Organ Transplant Surgery
- Indian doctors are known all over the world for their skill and knowledge and have the experience of studying and working at the best hospitals in the world.
- India’s leading liver transplant centre conducts perhaps the world’s highest number of liver transplants (16 to 18 every month).
- The hospital has a special centre for liver diseases amongst children and liver transplants for children
- Highly skilled surgical teams with vast experience and excellent track record of doing largest numbers of Live related donor kidney and liver transplants with survival rates comparable to world’s best centers.
- Most advanced Technology Infrastructure – Blood Bank with 24 hour apharesis facility, advanced laboratory and microbiology (infection control) support, advanced cardiology, DSA and interventionalradiology, portable and colour ultra-sonology, Liver Fibro-scan, 64 slice CT scanner, 3 T MRI, PET-CT and nephrology (including 24 hour dialysis and CVVHD) facilities.
- Organ Transplant Hospitals in India are now equipped with the latest and high end technology.
Bone Marrow Transplant Hospitals in India with MedGinnie
A Bone Marrow Transplant is a non surgical procedure in which damaged or diseased bone marrow is replaced with healthy bone marrow stem cells. This complex procedure is performed at many of India’s leading hospitals. The success rate for bone marrow transplants in India is on par with international benchmarks.
A bone marrow transplant is usually offered as a solution for certain kinds of cancers as well as some diseases which affect the production of blood cells. Hospitals which perform bone marrow transplants in India have the requisite infrastructure as well as highly experienced haematologists and haemaeto-oncologists to perform the procedure successfully.
Why is a bone marrow transplant needed ?
Why is a bone marrow transplant needed ? The main objective of a bone marrow transplant is to cure various diseases and cancer. It may also be required when a person’s bone marrow has been damaged or destroyed due to a disease or intense treatments of radiation or chemotherapy for cancer. A bone marrow transplant may be used to:
- Replace non-functioning bone marrow with a healthy functioning bone marrow. It is generally done in conditions such as leukemia, Aplastic Anemia, and Sickle Cell Anemia.
- Replace the bone marrow when a high dose of chemotherapy or radiation is given to treat a malignancy and than it is restored for its normal function. This procedure may be done for diseases such as Lymphoma, Neuroblastoma and Breast Cancer
- Replace bone marrow to prevent it from a genetic disease process such as Hurler’s syndrome, and Adrenoleukodystrophy.
Different types of Bone Marrow Transplant
There are five types of transplants. The difference between the types of transplants has to do with the source of the transplanted cells. The type of transplant patients receives :
Autologous transplant Transplanted cells come from the body of the transplant recipient.
Allogeneic transplant Transplanted cells come from a donor who may be related to the recipient (a family member) or unrelated.
Syngeneic transplant Transplanted cells come from an identical twin sibling. (This is a type of allogeneic transplant.)
Cord blood Transplanted cells come from the umbilical cord and placenta after a baby is born. This blood is rich in blood-forming cells. (This is a type of allogeneic transplant.)
Mixed chimerism transplant Transplanted cells come from either a related or unrelated donor. The transplant takes place after the recipient has a moderate dose of chemotherapy and radiation to set up a mixed immune system. This type is also called a mini-transplant or nonmyeloablative transplant
Different types of Bone MarrowTransplant
Bone marrow transplant procedure in India comprises two major activities: the harvesting of the stem cells and the transplantation of the stem cells.
The procedure for harvesting stem cells is the same for both autologous and allogenic bone marrow transplants in India. Under general anaesthesia, bone marrow is extracted from major bone structure is such as the hip and the spine. There are no surgical incisions, just skin punctures to insert the needles. The harvested stem cells may need to be processed to make them fit for transplantation.
In the second phase, the actual transplantation procedure is performed. All hospitals that perform bone marrow transplant procedure in India have a special and segregated bone marrow transplant unit which is highly sterile. This is because bone marrow transplant patients are susceptible to infections on account of lower levels of immunity.
Prior to the procedure, catheters are inserted to allow administration of drugs, nutrition etc. Patients would receive medications such as antibiotics and antivirus to prevent as well as to treat infections of any kind. Patients scheduled for allogenic transplant will also receive special medications to prevent rejection of the donor cells by the patients immune system.
Healthy stem cells are introduced into the body through the bloodstream, and no surgery is normally necessary. The stem cells upon reaching the bone marrow, engraft there and after a couple of weeks commence production of normal blood cells.
The new bone marrow normally takes almost a year in order to function normally. During this period the patient is to be monitored closely to identify any infections or complications that may develop. The recovery process continues for several months or longer after discharging from the hospital, during which time the patient cannot return to work or many previously enjoyed activities.