Health Check-Ups

Importance of Health Check-Ups in 2021

It is a well-known fact now that the world is going through a pandemic for more than a year now and during this duration we learned why health is really the real wealth. Covid 19, a deadly disease has spread throughout the world and continues to take a gigantic number of lives. It is said to be untreatable but now we have multiple vaccines that helps you fight the deadly virus but still, there is no permanent cure for this deadly disease. It is advised to take preventive measures and maintain a healthy lifestyle to stay away from this disease.

People often forget to take care of their health due to busy lifestyle but this can lead to bigger problems later in life. This can lead to people developing chronic heart diseases, cancer, mental health issues, diabetes, and other hormonal imbalances. Hence, regular health check-ups become essential for one and all irrespective of age, gender, or occupation and now when the world is fighting with covid 19 it is really important to keep track of the health to stay away from the deadly disease.

Health check-ups are not only focused on detecting health issues it helps you in making the healthy changes in your life for a long term healthy life. Health check-ups keeps a track on a person’s overall health and have many advantages to it like

Helps in early detection of any disease

A person taking regular health check-ups is more likely to detect any diseases at early stages than the person who is occasionally taking preventive health check-ups. Early diagnosis is one among the foremost important aspects of preventive care. If one gets an early diagnosis, one can handle their ailment better and be prepared for what’s coming. Detection of probably life-threatening health conditions or diseases at an early stage reduces the danger of undergoing surgeries and other chronic medical conditions.

Increases chances of cure/ treatment

An early detection of a deadly disease has increased the chances of getting the right cure at the right time. Early detection reduces the complications in treatment and makes treatment more effective. You have more chances of recovery, more chances of beating the condition if the disease is detected at a very early stage. Therefore, it is, important to ensure you are screened and tested on time and at a continuous and periodic frequency to prevent any issues.

Reduced Costs

A disease detected at an early stage gets cured at an early stage. The treatments start as early as the disease is detected which saves the cost of complicated and expensive surgeries and most importantly it saves you from going through the trauma of going through the whole process of treatment, medication and post treatment complications. With timely health check-ups, you can prevent costly medical treatments and chronic diseases.

Risk Reduction

People who get regular health check-ups are more updated about their health and lead a healthier life because they are aware of their medical conditions which reduce the risk of them getting the disease.

Helps in preventing Health Issues

A regular health check-up can help prevent many health issues like if you go through a routine check-up of sugar and cholesterol, you will get to know about how likely you are to get diabetes or cholesterol in the future, because, if your diabetes or cholesterol are at the borderline, the doctors will advise you to control your sugar intake and monitor your cholesterol level which can help you prevent these health issues beforehand and you can have control over your health.

Increases life span

by getting regular check-up of your body and health, you can always keep an eye on how healthy you are. By taking the preventive advice from the doctor and following the doctor’s advice with that following a healthy lifestyle can increase your lifespan, because the healthier you are the longer you will live.

Importance of health checkup

A good routine check-up consists the following things-

• Discussion of medical history
• General physical examination
• Blood Test (Blood sugar and Cholesterol)
• Urine test
• Blood pressure reading
• Heart rate measurement

Without any doubt, good health is really important and a necessity in a person’s life. Let’s see some point why health is important

  • Helps You Live Longer
  • Control Your Stress
  • Protect your Sight
  • Lower Medical Costs
  • Increase your Fertility
  • Consider your Self-Esteem
  • Feel Better About Yourself
  • Enjoy life well

So it is very important to keep an eye on health to lower the risks of various conditions or diseases by maintaining a healthy diet, weight, and level of physical activity. However, additionally to taking care of our health, one also must choose regular preventive health check-ups to know how healthy they are and also for peace of mind. Also, any dangerous diseases do not show clear signs and symptoms until they become severe. A timely diagnosis can’t only keep a check-up but also help address any potential complications on time.  

To sum it up, preventive healthcare is better than curative healthcare.

RECOVERING FROM AN OPEN HEART SURGERY

RECOVERING FROM AN OPEN HEART SURGERY

Open heart medical procedure requires pre-careful planning as well as significant post-careful consideration. That is the reason a basic piece of my job as a clinical consideration facilitator in Cardiac Surgery at MedGinnie is to instruct patients and families about what’s in store in the days and months ahead.

No two patient encounters will be the equivalent, however there is general data you ought to know about while recuperating from this medical procedure.

Here are 5 important things to know

1 YOUR EATING HABITS MAY CHANGE

You may see that you’ve lost your craving or you simply feel too drained to even think about eating. This is normal, so show restraint. Your hunger will before long have returned to ordinary.

We propose you take a stab at eating successive, little dinners for the duration of the day. You need appropriate nourishment to empower your body to recuperate and get more grounded.

We suggest an eating regimen low in fat, cholesterol and sodium and high in protein. Great wellsprings of protein incorporate fish, eggs, dairy, beans and nuts. Breaking point the measure of salt in your eating regimen to 2,000 milligrams per day. Nourishments known to be high in salt incorporate eatery food, soups, pizza, bacon, and other handled meats.

2 YOU MAY EXPERIENCE SLEEP ISSUES

Numerous individuals gripe about experiencing difficulty resting for quite a while after heart medical procedure. You may encounter a sleeping disorder (a powerlessness to rest) on account of:

  • Impacts of sedation
  • Inconvenience identified with mending
  • Changes in your everyday schedule
  • Worry from individual concerns

Ordinary resting designs normally return in half a month. Up to that point, attempt these tips:

Take enough rest breaks in the middle of your ordinary every day exercises — however stay away from a daytime snooze longer than 20 minutes.

In the event that you have torment, take your torment drug around 30 minutes before sleep time.

Orchestrate the cushions so you can keep up an agreeable position and abatement muscle strain.

On the off chance that you feel on edge or apprehensive, converse with your companion, accomplice or a confided in companion. Get your difficulties off your brain.

Dodge caffeine, (for example, chocolate, espresso, tea and colas) in the nighttimes.

Tune in to loosening up music or a guided symbolism sound program.

Request that your accomplice give you a back rub.

Wash up.

Follow a sleep time routine to tell your body it’s an ideal opportunity to unwind and get the opportunity to rest.

It’s OK to rest on your back, side or stomach. You won’t hurt your entry points

3 YOU MAY FEEL LIKE YOU’RE ON AN EMOTIONAL ROLLER COASTER

Recuperating from open-heart medical procedure includes physical and enthusiastic mending. The recuperation procedure utilizes enthusiastic and physical vitality.

In the event that you feel steamed or passionate in the weeks after your activity, don’t stress — this is a typical response. Numerous patients report these sentiments as long as a quarter of a year after the activity:

  • Emotional episodes that may incorporate melancholy, dread, tension, depression, vulnerability and outrage
  • Crying effectively for no clear explanation
  • Absence of vitality or inspiration
  • Getting effectively baffled
  • Powerlessness to focus
  • Having great days and awful days
  • Feeling more enthusiastic or wistful than ordinary

4 MOST SURGERY RELATED SENSATIONS ARE NORMAL

It’s normal during the initial barely any months after medical procedure to encounter deadness, shivering or even touchiness around the chest entry point.

A few patients may encounter this solitary when wearing tight or constrictive clothing.These sensations are identified with the ordinary recuperating procedure of the little nerves that were cut off during the medical procedure. As these nerves recover, they become overly sensitive and cause these side effects.

A similar hypothesis can be applied to your lower legs if veins were gathered for a detour method. Since there is lost a huge vein in the lower leg, you may likewise see growing here.

This may set aside a lot of effort to determine; it’s regularly rewarded moderately by discontinuously raising the influenced leg a couple of times each day or wearing a kind of pressure loading called thrombo-embolic obstacle (TED) hose.

In any case, it is basic to take note of that not all post-medical procedure chest sensations are ordinary. In the event that you experience any effort related chest torment or weight, counsel your doctor right away.

5 DRIVING AFTER SURGERY VARIES BY INDIVIDUAL

Patients can frequently continue driving around a month after medical procedure. Numerous factors are associated with this condition, and each case is an individual choice among you and your specialist.

We generally tell patients that in the event that they can sit in their vehicle and effectively turn the wheel to one side and right and utilize the gas and brake pedals decisively following a month of recuperation time, they are presumably prepared to drive.

PROSTATE CANCER TREATMENT IN INDIA

PROSTATE CANCER TREATMENT IN INDIA

The Prostate

The prostate is part of a reproductive system used by a man. It is located right in front of the rectum and below the bladder. It encircles the urethra, the tube from which flows urine. A walnut is about the size of a healthy prostate. The prostate is an integral part of seminal fluid. Seminal fluid helps carry sperm from the man’s body as a part of the semen during ejaculation.

Male hormones (androgens) make the prostate grow. The testicles are the main source of male hormones, including testosterone. The adrenal gland also makes testosterone but in small amounts.

If the prostate grows too large, it squeezes the urethra. This may slow or stop the flow of urine from the bladder to the penis.

PROSTATE CANCER

Confronting Prostate Cancer

One of the most common forms of cancer in people is prostate cancer. It usually affects men in their 60s, but is now also being found progressively in men of a lower age group. Common issues that occur in this gland include benign (non-cancerous) enlargement or prostate cancer. Older age, family history, and obesity are risk factors.

Prostate cancer is rising slowly and remains limited to the prostate initially. However, development is rapid in some cases and can spread rapidly to other organs. Early detection enables patients to choose between a range of treatment options, with excellent results. Treatment of prostate cancer includes a team of Medical, Radiation, and Uro-Oncology experts who are aligned to follow protocols of international standards.

Prostate Cancer Symptoms

  • Trouble urinating
  • Decreased force in the stream of urine
  • Blood in semen
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area
  • Bone pain
  • Erectile dysfunction

Having any of these symptoms does not mean it is cancer, but if one or more of them are noticed for more than two weeks then a doctor must be seen, and an immediate health screening is a must.

Prostate cancer sometimes does not cause symptoms until it is advanced. So regular tests are recommended with the Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) and the Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) examination. High levels of PSA may be predictive of cancer, infection, inflammation, or non-cancerous enlargement. For further examination, transrectal ultrasound is performed. The biopsied tissues are tested to determine the Gleason score for the degree of prostate cancer. The diagnosis is confirmed by bone scan, CT, MRI, or PET CT accompanied by Biopsy. Men diagnosed with prostate cancer in the early stages may not need treatment immediately. In only a few cases active surveillance is required.

DIAGNOSIS

  • The patient would require to undergo detailed Physical & clinical at evaluations which will include Blood Tests, DRE, and PSA.
  • Prostate cancer is diagnosed leading cancer hospitals in India through these methods:
  • Digital rectal exam (DRE): It helps detect lumps, asymmetries and the size of the prostate.

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA): It is a blood test that looks for a protein that the prostate generates.

TYPES OF PROSTATE CANCER

  • Acinar adenocarcinoma Adenocarcinomas are cancers that develop in the gland cells that line the prostate gland. They are the most common type of prostate cancer. Nearly everyone with prostate cancer has this type.
  • Ductal adenocarcinoma
    Ductal adenocarcinoma starts in the cells that line the ducts (tubes) of the prostate gland. It tends to grow and spread more quickly than acinar adenocarcinoma.
  • Transitional cell (or urothelial) cancer
    Transitional cell cancer of the prostate starts in the cells that line the tube carrying urine to the outside of the body (the urethra). This type of cancer usually starts in the bladder and spreads into the prostate
  • Squamous cell cancer
    These cancers develop from flat cells that cover the prostate. They tend to grow and spread more quickly than adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
  • Small cell prostate cancer

Risk Factors

No one knows the exact causes of prostate cancer. Doctors often cannot explain why one man develops prostate cancer and another does not. However, we do know that prostate cancer is not contagious. You cannot “catch” it from another person.

Research has shown that men with certain risk factors are more likely than others to develop prostate cancer. A risk factor is something that may increase the chance of developing a disease.

Studies have found the following risk factors for prostate cancer:

  • Age: Age is the main risk factor for prostate cancer. This disease is rare in men younger than 45. The chance of getting it goes up sharply as a man gets older. In the United States, most men with prostate cancer are older than 65.
  • Family history: A man’s risk is higher if his father or brother had prostate cancer.
  • Race: Prostate cancer is more common in African American men than in white men, including Hispanic white men. It is less common in Asian and American Indian men.
  • Certain prostate changes: Men with cells called high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) may be at increased risk for prostate cancer. These prostate cells look abnormal under a microscope.
  • Diet: Some studies suggest that men who eat a diet high in animal fat or meat may be at increased risk for prostate cancer. Men who eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables may have a lower risk
  • Many of these risk factors can be avoided. Others, such as family history, cannot be avoided. You can help protect yourself by staying away from known risk factors whenever possible.

Scientists have also examined whether BPH, obesity, smoking, a sexually transmitted virus, or lack of exercise may raise the risk of prostate cancer. There are not strong risk factors at this time. Most research also did not find an elevated risk of prostate cancer for men who had a vasectomy. A vasectomy is a surgery to cut or tie off the tubes from the testicles that carry sperm.

Most men with known risk factors are not getting prostate cancer. On the other hand, people who do get the disease often have no known risk factors, except to grow older. When you think you may be at risk, speak to your doctor. Your doctor may be able to suggest ways to lower your risk and can plan a check-up schedule.

Screening

Your doctor will be able to check for prostate cancer before you experience any symptoms. Screening can help the doctors find cancer and treat it early. But studies so far have not shown that screening tests are reducing prostate cancer deaths. You may want to talk to your doctor about the potential benefits and harms that screening can bring. The decision to be screened, like many other medical decisions, is a personal one. You should decide after learning the pros and cons of screening.

Your doctor can explain more about these tests:

  • Digital rectal exam: The doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum and feels the prostate through the rectal wall. The prostate is checked for hard or lumpy areas.
  • Blood test for prostate-specific antigen (PSA): A lab checks the level of PSA in a man’s blood sample. A high PSA level is commonly caused by BPH or prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate). Prostate cancer may also cause a high PSA level.

The digital rectal exam and PSA test can detect a problem in the prostate. They cannot show whether the problem is cancer or a less serious condition. Your doctor will use the results of these tests to help decide whether to check further for signs of cancer.

The treatment options include surgery or radiation therapy (radical prostatectomy). Extreme prostatectomy for prostate cancer includes removing a few lymph nodes, the prostate gland, and underlying tissue. The da Vinci Robotic Surgery System is used in some of the best cancer treatment facilities in the world for operations. Robotic prostatectomy allows the surgeon to make more precise movements with surgical tools as compared to traditional open or minimally invasive surgery.

hip surgery in India

HIP SURGERY AND TREATMENT IN INDIA

Hip-replacement surgery is commonly performed in patients with chronic pain, immobility, and deformity. These symptoms are caused primarily by joint osteo-arthritic changes, and affect all daily living activities. The procedure is normally performed under general anaesthetic (being ‘put to sleep’) or spinal anesthetic (epidural). It is achieved by removing the old hip joint entirely and replacing it with prosthetic parts. Osteoarthritis is a condition that affects the body’s joints, and is characterized by damage to the joint surface. When osteoarthritis occurs in a joint, the articular cartilage located at the ends of the bones slowly roughs and becomes thin. The underlying bone thickens and is rugged.

The bone develops outward at the bottom of the joint, producing osteophytes or bony spurs. The new bony tissue may be an effort by the body to reverse the cartilage damage. Friction towards the osteophytes produces articular cartilage fragments that are expelled through the joint. Then, these particles are brought into the synovium and trigger an inflammatory response.

In extreme osteoarthritis the cartilage can become so thin that the thickened bone ends are no longer covered. The bone ends touching, rubbing against each other and start wearing away. The loss of cartilage, bone wearing and the bony overgrowth at the edges can alter the joint shape, forcing the bones out of normal alignment, causing deformity and pain.

Post-operational care is described as the care provided after surgery between 24 hours and 30 days. Post-operational care is essential to ensure that the patient recovers fully from the surgery and is able to return to normal capacity without complications as soon as possible. Kontoyannis suggests that the post operative period is very important for monitoring the patient to prevent immediate and long term complications.

The first post operative assessment should take place immediately when the patient comes back from operating theatre. As soon as the patient returns to the ward, the nurse makes a very quick assessment of the patient’s condition. Criteria for assessment include respiratory, circulatory, neurological, dressing, patient comfort and safety.

During the first post operative assessment, after the nurse has received a hand over from the theatre nurse, the patient will arrive back at the ward with an intravenous infusion. They might also have a PCA (patient controlled analgesia) and drain. The nurse will monitor the patient’s vital signs, drain site and assess for pain.

Monitoring allows the gathering of information so that trends may be determined. This means that any worsening or progression in the patient’s condition can be recognised. Monitoring is essential to determine if the patient is responding to the treatment. The normal monitoring regime for any post operative patient includes: temperature, pulse rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate and oxygen saturation levels. These observations should be recorded and documented at 30 minute intervals, progressing to 4 hourly for the duration of the patients stay in hospital, unless the patient’s condition dictates otherwise.

Respiratory assessment is paramount to the post operative care of a patient. The nurse must observe the rate of and depth of the respirations. Pain increases the rate and depth; therefore if the patient is short of breath, a pain assessment should be carried out.

Other monitoring requirements that post operative hip replacement patients receive would be pain assessment and observations on the operated leg, for example, colour, movement and sensation. This is to check for circulatory and nerve damage. This neurovascular assessment should be carried out and documented at 30 minute intervals, progressing to 4 hourly for at least 24 hours after surgery.

The nurse should quickly assess the site of the operation, without causing pain, and observe the dressing. The nurse is responsible for monitoring the wound site at regular intervals during the immediate postoperative period. If fluid is supposed to pool in the hip region, then a drain is inserted to allow the fluid to escape.

Pain assessment should be carried out whenever the vital signs are being monitored. It is essential that the nurse assesses the site, nature and severity of the patient’s pain in order to choose the most suitable treatment.

To assess pain, there are several tools that can be used. The most common being a numerical rating scale. The patient can score their pain on a scale of 1 to 10, 10 being the worse pain they can imagine. When assessing pain, it is important to listen to what the patient is saying. A study by Seers (1987) showed that nurses persistently record the patients pain score to be significantly lower than the patient’s own assessment.

In India, hip replacement is an procedure conducted by a very professional orthopedic surgeon. The orthopedic surgeon removes the painful hip joint of the patient in this surgery, and replaces it with a new one. The cost of hip replacement surgery is very manageable in India when you equate the cost with some of the world’s western countries. The surgery is typically performed by the top orthopedic surgeons in India for hip replacement when there is no alternative medicine that can be consumed by the patient for relief from the pain of a faulty or diseased hip joint.

The disease called arthritis is among the most common causes where a hip replacement becomes necessary in India. There are over one hundred different forms of arthritis that physicians and researchers have described up until now. It is recommended that you visit one of the best hospitals for hip replacement surgery in India to get yourself diagnosed if you feel that you have some form of pain or the other which has been prolonged for a long time.

You will find the most skilled pathologists, laboratory technicians, and doctors in these hospitals who will be able to identify exactly what type of disease you have and will be able to guide how to get rid of it. If the India’s top orthopedic surgeons find you have some form of degenerative arthritis, also known as osteoarthritis, then they may recommend you to undergo the hip replacement surgery in India.

About one in five adults suffers from one type of arthritis or the other. This number only increases slowly as you age. The patient with a very sore hip generally can not walk easily because of the discomfort. Because of this, the patient’s walking posture will change, leading to more pain.

Normally this can be managed with pain killers, but when the condition is too serious, it is clear that the cost of hip replacement surgery in India would be much more manageable than following a lifetime course of costly drugs that not only have a lot of side effects but are often exhausting due to very frequent doctor follow-ups. Only pain killers just function for a brief amount of time.

WEIGHT LOSS SUREGRY

WEIGHT LOSS SURGERY IN INDIA

Weight loss surgery is necessary for highly obese people who struggle to lose their weight using traditional weight loss methods such as diet restriction, exercise, naturopathy, and medicine.

Bariatric surgery or obesity surgery is nowadays a common choice for immediate and rapid weight loss. This is particularly relevant in people who due to overweight are at increased risk for health problems such as diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disorders and stroke.

India is one of the world’s most successful and best weight loss surgery destinations. Hundreds of people from around the world visit top hospitals in India each year for bariatric surgery to remove extra weight from their bodies.

There are many reasons why people in India opt for weight loss surgery. The most important reason is that India’s best weight loss operation hospitals are equipped with state-of-the-art facilities that are used to perform all types of weight loss surgical procedures. And MedGinnie is one of them which uses all the modern facilities to perform the surgery.

Here are the common types of weight loss surgery performed at MedGinnie in India:

Gastric Bypass Surgery:

Also known as Roux-en-Y stomach bypass (RYGB), stomach bypass is a common surgical procedure to leave only a small portion of the stomach in the body known as “pouch.” The food that the patient eats after the operation enters the pouch and skips the rest of the stomach directly into the small intestines.

This adjustment made to the stomach restricts the amount of food the patient can carry. The patient experiences an early feeling of fullness due to the reduced space and capacity, and thus eats less. The food often “bypasses” the regions of the intestine and stomach where it is broken down and digested.

Gastric bypass surgery can be performed either using conventional open surgery or using a specialized device called a laparoscope. The use of laparoscope allows surgeons to see into the stomach through multiple small incisions rather than a wide, open cut. In the case of laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery, therefore, recovery is fast compared to open weight loss surgery.

Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Procedure is now the most common weight-loss procedure. Most patients say their quality of life is on the rise. It has been shown to result in a lasting weight loss and improvement in the comorbidities associated with obesity. Diseases such as diabetes, high cholesterol, liver disease, hypertension and many more have been shown to be controlled, improved or even cured.

There’s a technique that uses gastric rings in vertical banded gastroplasty to monitor the size of the stoma. This is called the Gastric Bypass Ring. Surgeons use these rings to maintain stoma size and to reduce stretching. This technique has developed into a logical process used to combat obesity. Postprandial emesis is restricted with the ring serving as the stoma. The patient has the ability to have no trouble eating diverse foods such as meats and vegetables. This surgery results in a significantly greater weight loss than in standard gastroplasty. Some ring gastric bypass complications are marginal ulcers, stenosis, incisional hernia and breakdown of the staple line.

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy:

In laparoscopic sleeve gastronomy, with the aid of a laparoscope, a substantial portion of the stomach (around 75 percent) is removed, except for the upper section. This minimally invasive weight loss surgery therefore leaves a “sleeve” in place.

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy results in weight loss by the following two ways:

  • By limiting the amount of food: The reduced size of the stomach limits the amount of food that the person eats because of an early feeling of fullness. The food does not bypass any part of the stomach or intestine in this case of weight loss surgery, thus, all the nutrients get absorbed.
  • By suppressing hunger: Sleeve gastrectomy also works by reducing the production of hunger hormone called “ghrelin.” This hormone is produced by the stomach when it is empty. Since a large portion of the stomach is removed, the production of this hormone falls.

The use of adjustable gastric balloon and lap band are two other popular weight loss surgery methods used nowadays at the some of the top hospitals in India.

Another important explanation why medical tourists from all over the world choose India to undergo surgery on weight loss is ‘accessibility.’ Opting for gastric bypass surgery or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy proves to be cost-effective, as the cost of bariatric surgery in India is much lower than any other country that offers the same treatment quality and technology use.

It remains unchanged even though account is taken of additional expenditures such as transportation, boarding, accommodation and food. It is estimated that if they want to come to India for weight loss surgery, an average person traveling from the US would save about 60 per cent of their income.

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